Energy Rejection for QUARK - UV/IR or Front mount?
Posted on Sep 22, 2017, 12:52 pmAuthor: Jen Winter - Owner
ENERGY REJECTION FILTERS FOR QUARK Front mount or UV/IR Cut?
First things first:
A REFRACTOR WITH AN APERTURE OF 80MM OR LESS DOES NOT REQUIRE ENERGY REJECTION. This is because the amount of energy collected with 80mm of light just isn't enough to do damage to your system. 80mm is the size of the palm of your hand. Your hand doesn't spontaneously ignite in the sun - and it's not transparent like your refractor's objective is. All of your lenses are transparent and do not absorb energy. A diagonal and the front elements of the QUARK are >99% reflective and doesn't either. All of that energy is reflected back out the front of your telescope unmagnified. Unless your telescope is made of paper, then it is not at-risk for damage with an aperture of 80mm or less.
When to use a UV/IR Cut filter. Above 80mm (that includes 90mm, 100mm, 102mm, 105mm, 110mm, 120mm, 125mm, 130mm, 140mm, 150mm) UV/IR Cut filters REFLECT infrared and ultraviolet light and the associated energy as well. All of the energy reflected by the UV/IR cut filter will dump back out the front objective of the refractor much the same way a herschel wedge dumps energy out the bottom. We suggest a UV/IR cut filter for standard refractors. Standard refractors on which the UV/IR cut filter can be used include: • Achromats • ED APO • Doublet • Singlet • Many APO telescopes* The UV/IR cut filter must be applied prior to any other optical element which will encounter a concentrated beam. If using a diagonal, use the UV/IR cut filter prior to the diagonal (Thread it onto the male end of the diagonal) If NOT using a diagonal, we recommend the UV/IR cut filter thread directly onto the QUARK or barlow.
The UV/IR cut filter threads like a common astronomical filter. The diagonal will have threads (Almost always a 2" eyepiece thread) - and the QUARK has a 1.25" eyepiece filter thread.
DO NOT USE COLORED GLASS FILTERS IN REAR-MOUNT APPLICATION. THEY WILL BREAK. Colored glass rejects through absorption. A concentrated beam on colored glass will cause it to swell (unevenly) and break due to cell pinching; leaving broken pieces of glass inside your telescope. Let's not do that.
WHEN TO USE COLORED GLASS ENERGY REJECTION
Telescopes upon which we do not recommend UV/IR cut filters: • SCT telescopes • Petzval refractors (a concentrated beam will fall upon unknown coatings) • Certain older oil spaced triplets prior to adoption of UV resistant oils. • Some larger aperture (150mm and higher) and/or all-day tracking applications where the Quark / Quantum are susceptible to overheating. • Any instrument for which the owner is not comfortable with the UV/IR cut solution.
These users should consider front mount energy rejection. This is accomplished using a colored glass optical window before the objective or corrector plate.
Colored glass ERF's must maintain an optical figure. This means they must be somewhat thick and must be polished to 1/4 wave accuracy. This factor drives the cost of front mount Energy Rejection Filters.
Colored glass ERF's block all Ultraviolet light and all visible light below the 500nm range. Red glass blocks all visible light below 600nm (making it red). We choose Yellow 500nm cut point glass in the event that an owner might later acquire a Sodium or Helium D3 line filter. The same glass can be used for both types of filters, but Red glass can only be used for Hydrogen.
Colored glass front mount ERF filters do not pass Calcium 393nm light. Calcium owners must use UV/IR cut filters only or no viable image will pass.
All front mount Energy Rejection Filters must be fabricated to fit the front dew shield of the telescope. Due to the thousands of designs and modifications of telescopes over the decades, the owner must measure his/her own dew shield to determine the best inside diameter size offered which fits best over his exact instrument.
*IT MUST BE NOTED THAT A UV/IR CUT FILTER, NOR A FRONT MOUNT COLORED GLASS FILTER IS NOT SUFFICIENT FILTRATION FOR SOLAR VIEWING ALONE. *